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Medical Management for Cerebral Palsy

Posted on April 19, 2019 by All In

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Some symptoms of cerebral palsy may require treatment using medicine and surgery. Most medical and surgical treatment work hand in hand with therapy to better enable your child. This article outlines some of the possible treatments for various situations.

Do note that this is not medical advice and you should always discuss your child’s treatment options with your doctor to select the best course of action for your child.

For seizures/epilepsy

If your child has been diagnosed with epilepsy, your doctor will often prescribe medication. The doctor will identify the type of seizure your child has and prescribe an anticonvulsant that has the least side effects. Your doctor should inform you if there are any side effects that may affect your child.

For more information on epilepsy and its treatment, visit the National Neuroscience Institute website.

For muscle stiffness

  • Muscle relaxants

Your doctor may sometimes prescribe oral medications to reduce muscle tightness. The common medication used are Diazepam, Dantrolene and Baclofen but they may cause side effects. For more information on muscle relaxants, you should speak to your child’s doctors.

  • Botox injections

If your child has extremely tight muscles that cannot be treated using therapy, your doctor may suggest Botulinum toxin A (Botox) injections. Botox is injected to relax specific muscles. The effects are only temporary, hence it would be best for your child to resume therapy after the treatment.

  • Selective dorsal rhizotomy

A major operation on the spine that is occasionally used to reduce spasticity in the lower limbs. The procedure is usually followed by extensive rehabilitation to enable your child to walk. You may read about the procedure from the United Kingdom National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) website.

To correct deformities

Some children may require surgery to correct scoliosis, hip dislocations, and ankle deformities.

For feeding problems

If your child has severe swallowing difficulties, your doctor may recommend the use of a feeding tube. There are several types of feeding tubes available. You should talk to your doctor to select one that is best for your child.

You may read more about feeding tubes on the CP Family Network.

For constipation

Constipation is a common problem among children with CP. To overcome this problem, your child may benefit from increasing his/her intake of fluids and fibre. It may, however, be difficult to achieve if your child has issues with feeding. Your doctor may prescribe laxatives to help ease your child’s bowel movements.


All content found on the All In website, has been created for informational purposes only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis, or treatment.